Also known as high blood pressure, it is a measurement of the amount of force against the walls of your arteries. Blood vessels are under constant pressure, which can damage them, because the higher the pressure, the more your heart is forced to pump blood towards all parts of your body.
Every time your heart beats, it is pumping blood into your blood vessels, carrying blood to every part of your body. Normal blood pressure in adults is 120 mm Hg and 80 mm Hg when your heart is relaxed; when these parameters reach 140/ 90 mm Hg, statistics say that your blood pressure is high.
Hypertension is the term commonly used to refer to high blood pressure. Globally, it is estimated that there are more than a billion people with hypertension.