Heart failure is a chronic degenerative disease that affects your heart’s ability to pump enough blood to meet your body’s needs efficiently. This means that the blood cannot carry enough oxygen, as well as the nutrients necessary for your body to work normally.
Heart failure can be caused by current or past diseases such as coronary disease, heart attack or high blood pressure that have damaged and forced your heart into working harder than usual.
One of the main effects of heart failure are fatigue as a result of your heart’s inability to pump enough blood to the rest of your body. Secondly, it causes blood to be withheld, waiting to go into your heart. This blood accumulation can cause fluid to find a way out through your blood vessels and into the surrounding tissue (lungs and abdomen) and your lungs to congest.
Heart failure can appear at any age, but chances it appears increase with age.
Nowadays, it is estimated that more than 26 million people in the world suffer from heart failure; each year 1 million new cases are diagnosed and this disease is considered the cause of death for 50 thousand people during that same period.